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What is GST?

 

Under GST,all registered people have to get their GST return filing done irrespective of the type of business or turnover or profitability during the period. A business or the taxpayer while online GST return filing are required to file the details related to total sales, total purchases and the output GST or the GST paid by the customers etc. accurately.

Furnishing GST Returns timely helps the GST authorities carry out taxpayer’s assessment. These returns are filed to pay taxes as well as to provide data to the government relating to the transactions made by the business during the period under consideration. Once you file GST returns, you will need to pay the resulting tax liability i.e money that you owe the government.

In recent times, due to introduction of QRMP (Quarterly Returns Monthly Payment) scheme, there is confusion in every GST enrolled individual regarding to which scheme they choose for return filing.This article explains comparative analysis of various features of both QRMPs and Monthly GST Return Filing Scheme as well as difference between the two.

 

What is Quarterly and Monthly Returns?

 

In order to reduce tax compliance burden on MSME entities, the QRMP (Quarterly Returns Monthly Payment) was brought into effect from 1st January, 2021. This scheme aimed to provide reduction in compliances and the consumption of the time for preparation and GST furnishing returns for small taxpayers.

The QRMP scheme allows registered taxpayers with an aggregate turnover of up to INR 5 crores in the previous financial year to choose for filing returns on a quarterly basis and make tax payments on a monthly basis using PMT-06.

Previously, taxpayers were required to file GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B monthly, but with the QRMP scheme, they can file returns once a quarter. Once you opt for this scheme, you will continue to be in this scheme unless you cross the turnover threshold or opt out of it.

 

Comparison between the Quarterly and Monthly Returns

 

S.No.

Benchmark

QRMP

Monthly Scheme

1

Total number of GSTR 1 and 3B filings

4

12

2

Eligibility

 

 

Taxpayer’s aggregate turnover should be less that INR 5 crores in the previous FY

 

 

All registered individuals

 

 

 

3

Preparation of HSN Wise Summary, Exempt & NIL rated supplies details, State Wise & Rate Wise unregistered B2C details & documents list of Invoice Numbers & Credit Notes Numbers

 

 

Quarterly

Monthly

4

Reconciliation of Books with GST Returns filed

 

Slightly complicated

 

 

Easy to reconcile because of availability on monthly returns filed figures

 

5

Due date for Monthly Payment of Tax

 

 

25th for 1st Two Months of Quarter

 

 

22nd/24th  (as applicable for Particular State)

 

 

6

Payment of taxes

Taxpayers must deposit tax in the first two months of a quarter directly using the PMT-6 and make payment while filing GSTR-3B for the last month (3rd month) of the quarter.

Taxpayers must use the PMT-06 challan for making any GST payment towards the electronic cash ledger, around the time of filing GSTR-3B. The details thereof will appear in GSTR-3B. They also can create a challan and pay towards it either before login or after login or while filing GSTR-3B returns.

7

Management of Working Capital

 

Option to choose between Self Assessment Method & Fixed Sum Method monthly, depending upon fund availability.

 

Self Assessed Payment on monthly basis

 

 

8

Compliance cost for payment to accountant & tax professional

 

 

Lower

Higher

9

GST Return filing & compliance burden for Tax Payer

 

 

Less

More

 

Payment of Taxes under QRMP

 

Registered persons opting QRMP scheme would be required to pay the tax due on a monthly basis in each of the first two months of quarter by the 25th of succeeding month using form GST PMT-06. 

The taxpayers can pay their monthly tax liability either in the Fixed Sum Method (FSM) or Self-Assessment method (SAM).

 

Fixed Sum Method (FSM)

 

 

You will be able to understand the above statement better by the following examples :

 

Example 1 – Is GSTR-3B for Jan-March, 2021 was filed on quarterly basis

 

Tax paid in cash during Jan-March, 2021 quarter

Tax required to be paid in each of April-May, 21

 

   CGST

20,000

CGST

7,000

   SGST

20,000

SGST

7,000

    IGST

40,000

IGST

14,000

    Cess

6,000

Cess

2,100

 

Example 2 – If GSTR-3 was filed on a monthly basis for tax period March, 2021.

 

Tax paid in cash in March, 2021

 

Tax required to be paid in each of the months April-May, 21

  CGST

1,000

 

  CGST

1,000

 SGST

1,000

 

 SGST

1,000

 IGST

1.600

 

 IGST

1,600

Cess

     –

 

Cess

      –

 

Self Assessment Method (SAM):

 

In this method the registered person can pay the tax due by considering the tax liability on inward and outward supplies and the input tax credit available.

 

Conclusion

Both the schemes stand with their own pros and cons. Thus it is best to understand both the scheme well before opting the relevant one that is preferable to you and your client. But whether you opt for QRMP scheme or monthly scheme, you have to adhere to the statutory compliance and complete all the necessary GST return filing before the due dates. It is important for businesses and entrepreneurs to stay compliant with the authorities.

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