Components of GST
Under GST regime, there are 4 components namely :
- Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST)
- State Goods and Services Tax (SGST)
- Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST)
- Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST)
Under the GST law, the government will collect CGST, SGST or IGST depending upon whether the transaction is intrastate or interstate. These are briefly discussed below -
Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST)
CGST is charged on the intrastate supply of goods and services by the central government .
It is collected along with SGST at the same rate. Both the Central and State Government collect the taxes and combine their levies with an appropriation proportion between them. Further, the GST rules also says that the taxes which are imposed on the intra supplies of goods and services shall not be more than 14% each.
State Goods and Services Tax (SGST)
As we discussed above, SGST will be applicable at the same rate and along with CGST on every taxable intra-state supply, but CGST will be controlled by the Central Government. SGST on the other hand is collected by the State Government and is governed by the SGST Act. Any tax liability under SGST then can be set off in opposition to SGST or IGST ITC only.
Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST)
UTGST is very similar to SGST which is applicable on the supply of goods/services in the Union Territories like Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Daman Diu, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli, and Lakshadweep.
The UTGST is governed by the UTGST Act and the revenue earned is collected by the Union Territory government. The UTGST is a replacement for the SGST in Union Territories, but the concept of CGST will be the same.
For Instance, a dealer in Jharkhand is selling goods or providing some service to the consumer in the same state worth Rs. 40,000. The GST rate, let's say is 12% consisting of 6% CGST and 6% SGST, in such cases the dealer collects Rs. 4800 from which Rs. 2,400 will go to the central government and Rs. 2,400 will go to the State government.
Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST)
IGST is applicable on all inter-state supplies of goods and services. It is also applicable on the imports and exports of goods and services, and on supplying activities related to Special Economic Zones. In the case of interstate tax collection, instead of separately charging taxes for the Center and the State, the Government collects a single IGST, which is divided later
For Instance, if the dealer in Jaipur sold goods to a dealer in Patna worth Rs. 1,00,000. GST rate, let’s say be 12%, then in such cases the dealer has to charge Rs. 12,000 as IGST.