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All about Sole Proprietorship

  • Posted By SuperCA
  • On 18 September

All about Sole Proprietorship



Company Registration is a paramount step for any business organization in order to protect & secure business rights. There are various forms/constitution of businesses available that one can register with. But among all Sole Proprietorship is a popular type of unregistered business institution owned, managed, and operated by a single person.


Sole proprietorship is the “One Man Business Entity”. All the investments for the Sole Proprietorship business is done by the single proprietor who bears all the losses and enjoys all the profits. The overall control of the business as well as its management is in his hands. He can appoint individuals for conducting the business, but the ownership will rest solely with him.


This type of business can be incorporated in fifteen days and hence makes it one of the most popular types of business to begin in the unsystematic sector, specifically among micro and small businessmen,traders or merchants. Majority of the unorganized sectors prefer registering a Sole Proprietorship.


Generally, it does not require any registration as such as it is identified through alternate registrations, such as GST registrations. It is not a corporate or legal entity. The PAN and other documents of the proprietor are the basis for obtaining all registrations & licenses. The proprietor is held personally liable in case of any liabilities in business.


Who Can Go for?


Any individual who wants to start a business from home or on a premise with a minimum amount can opt for Sole proprietorship business type. It can be started within the time span of 10-15 days.


Benefits of Sole Proprietorship


Easy to Start

Sole proprietorship Registration is very simple to begin with and can be set up within 15 days with the help of a PAN Card. Only GST Registration is required in the first place.


Full Control of business

Proprietorship firms are owned and operated by just one person. Control of the business is solely in the hands of the single proprietor/owner and can make all the decisions as no partners are involved to consult


Recognition as a Supplier of Goods & Services.

The Proprietor will be legally recognized as a Supplier of Goods & Services. He can also claim the Input tax credit (tax paid on the purchase of goods & services)


Easy compliances

The sole proprietorship business can be started easily by just one person and has the minimum compliance that is required to be adhered to get it incorporated. It doesn't require any additional compliance in most cases.


Reasonable and Inexpensive

Very little investment is required in Sole Proprietorship. Anyone who wants to start a business with low funds can go for this as no investments are involved. Also there is no requirement of hiring an Auditor.


Employment Opportunities

The owner of Proprietorship firm is himself self-employed and also creates various employment opportunities which will contribute in fixing Indian unemployment problem


➢ Easy Closure

Dissolution or sale of the Proprietorship firm is very easy. As there is no legal distinction between the proprietor and the proprietorship firm, not much regulatory formalities are required for closing of a proprietorship which undoubtedly saves time.


Documents Required for Sole Proprietorship


Entire process for Sole Proprietorship registration can be completed online.The following documents are required to be uploaded by the person:


➢ Identity Proof - Aadhar & PAN Card

➢ Address Proof - Latest Bank Statement, Electricity Bill etc

➢ Passport size photos


Checklists required for Sole Proprietorship


➢ Proprietor’s PAN Card.

➢ Name & address of the business.

➢ Bank Account in the name of the business.

➢ Certificate/license issued by Municipal authorities under the Shop & Establishment Act of respective state

➢ GST Registration (If the business turnover exceeds Rs.40 lakhs.)


Compliances required?

Income Tax Return must be filed on your behalf annually as a sole proprietor. If you are registered under GST, then you also need to file your GST Return. A sole proprietor should also deduct TDS and file TDS return if liable for Tax Audit. ITR 3 or ITR IV Sugam can be filed online using the proprietor's digital signature or manually.