Child Labour has been of the most persistent obstacles that our countries faces. Child Labour continues to take away the childhood of innumerable children around the country. Child Labour ends up depriving children of their lively childhood and takes a toll on their mental and physical growth and development. This indirectly creates a hindrance in the development of a nation. There are various reasons for child Labour in India like poverty, lack of basic facilities, economic imbalance, lack of proper education and schools that force children from poverty-stricken houses to give up their lives at an early age and involve in Labour for inadequate pay. This is a type of rights violation and exploitation of employee. Recently, an increase in child Labour has been seen in urban areas due to massive migration in search of jobs.
Child Labour was declared as illegal by the government ages ago but it still prevails in our Country. The government of India has devised many rules, regulations and laws to eradicate this pervading issue and has also started various schemes in India to provide children with a better and hopeful future. One of the main pieces of legislation that prevents children from involving in child Labour is the Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986. Through this blog, let us know about the laws and regulations of child Labour in India along with the key Provisions of The Child Labour Act in order to determine its implementation and effectiveness.
The Child and Adolescent Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986:
This is commonly referred to as The Child Labour Act and was issued by the government on 23rd December to particularly point out and prohibit the involvement of children in any jobs and the engagement of adolescents in hazardous working conditions and processes. The Child Labour Act is one of the most important Laws and Regulations of Child Labour in India. The various provisions of this act are listed below:
In a nut shell, it can be assumed that the Child Labour Act which is a part of the laws and regulations of child Labour, plays an important role in eradicating child Labour with various provisions that help in the regulation, punishment, framing legal frameworks and rehabilitation. But there are a few areas that may need a little improvement like eradicating income differences and poverty and verifying the credibility of age certificates to make sure that the children can have a hopeful future.
There are a lot of social and economic factors and failures of our system that lead to child Labour despite the formation of various laws and regulations of child Labour. The reasons are listed below:
All of these causes of child Labour have been addressed by the government and proper laws and regulations of child Labour have been administered by the government. The eradication of child Labour is a time taking process and needs consistent effort not only from the government but also from the people of our country. The laws and regulations of child Labour need to be implemented and enforced properly to eradicate child Labour and provide children a better future.